The history of [calligraphy] 1
/ mark of the book

At first it is a letter,
It is well unknown how a letter was possible.
According to the Chinese legend,
Cāg Jié which controlled a record with Huang Ti who was the Chinese ancient emperor,
It is said that I made it in imitation of the footprint of a bird and the beast.
I say that there were four eyes in Cāg Jié.



In a myth legend, I would want to say that I excelled in に observing eye like that.
Statues ofCāg Jié at Cāg Jié Temples
of recent Beijing seems to become the second God.
An impression is strong, and it stays that there was the company which enshrined Cāg Jié.in the village of the Hakka who came in a past year in southern China.
It was a place like evidently few local deity of the out-of-the-way place that said in Japan.
Only as for it, Cāg Jié. is known to everybody.
However, in Huang Ti and Cāg Jié. a mythical world talk,
A kanji is the が established theory that is not a thing created by a single person.
Anyway, the human being made a letter, and it was full of books for art.
It is skipping, but wants to investigate the process.


In ostrakon (colored earthenware) of a large number of colored earthenware discovered in Hanpa remains of east 6KM of Xi'an in 1950,
Sign that was supposedly a letter, something like mark were chopped.
In B.C. 4000, it is the remains more than 6,000 years ago.
The discovered sign was distributed between 22 kinds when I classified 112 points, these in total.
Those signs are engraved into an about the same part of the ceramics and are written.
The ceramics which the same sign was engraved into being discovered in the extremely near neighborhood,
These signs are not decoration,
It is guessed that I expressed some kind of information, intention transmission.
In other words, when it may be the letter of the initial stage.



From Daimonkou remains thought to be the remains of the generation that it is approximately close to,
On the surface,
The given large ceramics of the design that was more pictorial than the sign of Hanpa remains was discovered.
It is said that the sun goes up this design from the mountain, but,
Because the same design was accepted by three ceramics discovered in this neighborhood,
It is guessed whether it is the thing like the crest indicating any position.



In addition, the times date back a little; and from the remains of the Yin charges middle of stand west, the remains of Kure castle,
After all the constitution of a line carved with on a piece of the ceramics was discovered.
These are slightly near to print, but are not yet concluded to be the letter.



With a false Hanpa remains, sign , mark, crest thing,
There is a too big blank to join the development as the letter together between the inscriptions on bones and tortoise carapaces in the back.
Discovered inscriptions on bones and tortoise carapaces are things from the 14th century to the about twelfth century now B.C.,
The inscriptions on bones and tortoise carapaces written there have already fixed the meaning form as the letter,
The grammar that can follow the progress to a modern style is almost a modern Chinese word.
We would have the remarkable evolution as the letter in 1000 during 2000.
It is entrusted to future discovery, a study to bury a blank of the meantime.

References cited
Kodansha: It is appreciated the sumi beauty from old handwriting to modern calligraphy
House of Tokyo calligraphy study: The history of the book
An art newspaper publisher: History of calligraphy in China
Jew's-ear company: History of calligraphy in China (the first volume) (the second volume)
Nigensya: Middle federal law book choice
An art newspaper publisher: Trip of the history of calligraphy in China
Daisyuukan: The history of the kanji
Heibonsha Publishers Ltd.: Jitou
Heibonsha Publishers Ltd.: 100 selections of masterful drawings


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